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Alcoholic Neuropathy

Overview

When a person drinks excessive amount of alcohol, then his nerves start getting affected. And as a result of excessive drinking, nerves get completely damaged, thereby leading to a disease known as alcoholic neuropathy. Alcoholic polyneuropathy and neuropathy-alcoholic are the alternative names of the condition.


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Causes

The cause of alcoholic neuropathy is a debatable issue. Reason being; it has been observed that condition is the consequence of many factors. Various factors include consuming poor nutritional diet, drinking alcohol in a large quantity, etc.


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Signs & Symptoms

It is necessary to disclose that alcoholic neuropathy’s symptoms develop gradually and become worse with the time. Symptoms experience during the condition includes:

  • Numbness in legs and arms
  • Impotency (in males)
  • Muscle weakness
  • Painful sensation in legs and arms
  • Incontinence
  • Nausea, vomiting
  • Constipation
  • Diarrhea
  • Less functioning of muscles
  • Difficulty with movements
  • Speech impairment
  • Swallowing difficulty
  • Bladder dysfunction
  • Sores or ulcers in the feet and the legs
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Prevention

Minimizing the intake of alcohol is the only possible prevention of alcoholic neuropathy.  
 


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Treatments
Conservative Treatment Modern Medicine

The treatment of alcoholic neuropathy basically aims at controlling the symptoms, preventing injury and maximizing the organs ability to function properly. Primarily, it is recommended to completely restrict the intake of alcohol. Secondly, consume healthy diet that contains adequate quantity of proteins, vitamins, carbohydrates, fats, etc. Health professionals recommend physical therapy for regaining and maintaining lost motion of the muscles and limb position respectively. Uncomfortable sensation and pain will be treated by giving medications. Commonly, it has been observed that different person respond differently by administering medications; therefore medicine should be taken in the least quantity. Medications that are given include aspirin, ibuprofen, gabapentin, carbamazepine, etc.

For treating dizziness or light headedness, different treatments adopted by professionals include:

  • Eating extra salt
  • Sleeping with the elevated head
  • Wearing elastic stockings

Bladder dysfunction can be treated with medications like bethanechol, etc. For protecting the body parts from lose of sensation from injury, the steps taken will include:

  • Changing footwear
  • For preventing burns, keep on checking the temperature of bath water
  • Frequently examining the feet to verify that no pressure on it will be put by any object.
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